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2013年1月10日 (木) 00:58時点におけるDaemon (トーク | 投稿記録)による版

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sqlmap は、オープンソースのSQL Injectionペネトレーションテストツールです。

読み方 えすきゅーえるまっぷ


sqlmapは、エクスプロイト可能なSQL Injection脆弱性を発見やデータベースの乗っ取りのプロセスを自動化したオープンソースのペネトレーションテストのツールです。



  • サポートするデータベースは、 MySQL, Oracle, PostgreSQL, Microsoft SQL Server, Microsoft Access, IBM DB2, SQLite, Firebird, Sybase と SAP MaxDB です。
  • 6つのSQL Injectionテクニックをサポートしています: boolean-based blind, time-based blind, error-based, UNION query, stacked queries と out-of-band.



% git clone https://github.com/sqlmapproject/sqlmap.git sqlmap-dev


sqlmap の依存関係で python の sqlite3 のモジュールが必要になります。 また、データベースのドライバが必要になります。


ports コレクションからインストールする場合

cd /usr/ports/databases/py-sqlite3
sudo make install clean


sudo pkg install py-sqlite3


sudo portmaster -y -d /usr/ports/databases/py-sqlite3


sudo portinstall /usr/ports/databases/py-sqlite3



% python sqlmap.py --update

もしくは、Git コマンドを使用します。

% git pull




% python sqlmap.py --help
    sqlmap/1.0-dev - automatic SQL injection and database takeover tool
[!] legal disclaimer: Usage of sqlmap for attacking targets without prior mutual conse
nt is illegal. It is the end user's responsibility to obey all applicable local, state
 and federal laws. Developers assume no liability and are not responsible for any misu
se or damage caused by this program
[*] starting at 00:36:00
Usage: python sqlmap.py [options]
  -h, --help            Show basic help message and exit
  -hh                   Show advanced help message and exit
  -v VERBOSE            Verbosity level: 0-6 (default 1)
    At least one of these options has to be specified to set the source to
    get target urls from
    -d DIRECT           Direct connection to the database
    -u URL, --url=URL   Target url
    -l LOGFILE          Parse targets from Burp or WebScarab proxy logs
    -m BULKFILE         Scan multiple targets enlisted in a given textual file
    -r REQUESTFILE      Load HTTP request from a file
    -s SESSIONFILE      Load session from a stored (.sqlite) file
    -g GOOGLEDORK       Process Google dork results as target urls
    -c CONFIGFILE       Load options from a configuration INI file
    These options can be used to specify how to connect to the target url
    --data=DATA         Data string to be sent through POST
    --param-del=PDEL    Character used for splitting parameter values
    --cookie=COOKIE     HTTP Cookie header
    --load-cookies=L..  File containing cookies in Netscape/wget format
    --drop-set-cookie   Ignore Set-Cookie header from response
    --user-agent=AGENT  HTTP User-Agent header
    --random-agent      Use randomly selected HTTP User-Agent header
    --randomize=RPARAM  Randomly change value for given parameter(s)
    --force-ssl         Force usage of SSL/HTTPS requests
    --host=HOST         HTTP Host header
    --referer=REFERER   HTTP Referer header
    --headers=HEADERS   Extra headers (e.g. "Accept-Language: fr\nETag: 123")
    --auth-type=ATYPE   HTTP authentication type (Basic, Digest or NTLM)
    --auth-cred=ACRED   HTTP authentication credentials (name:password)
    --auth-cert=ACERT   HTTP authentication certificate (key_file,cert_file)
    --proxy=PROXY       Use a HTTP proxy to connect to the target url
    --proxy-cred=PCRED  HTTP proxy authentication credentials (name:password)
    --ignore-proxy      Ignore system default HTTP proxy
    --delay=DELAY       Delay in seconds between each HTTP request
    --timeout=TIMEOUT   Seconds to wait before timeout connection (default 30)
    --retries=RETRIES   Retries when the connection timeouts (default 3)
    --scope=SCOPE       Regexp to filter targets from provided proxy log
    --safe-url=SAFURL   Url address to visit frequently during testing
    --safe-freq=SAFREQ  Test requests between two visits to a given safe url
    --skip-urlencode    Skip URL encoding of payload data
    --eval=EVALCODE     Evaluate provided Python code before the request (e.g.
                        "import hashlib;id2=hashlib.md5(id).hexdigest()")
  Optimization:                                                                                                                                                                                                                       [110/1150]
    These options can be used to optimize the performance of sqlmap
    -o                  Turn on all optimization switches
    --predict-output    Predict common queries output
    --keep-alive        Use persistent HTTP(s) connections
    --null-connection   Retrieve page length without actual HTTP response body
    --threads=THREADS   Max number of concurrent HTTP(s) requests (default 1)
    These options can be used to specify which parameters to test for,
    provide custom injection payloads and optional tampering scripts
    -p TESTPARAMETER    Testable parameter(s)
    --dbms=DBMS         Force back-end DBMS to this value
    --os=OS             Force back-end DBMS operating system to this value
    --invalid-bignum    Use big numbers for invalidating values
    --invalid-logical   Use logical operations for invalidating values
    --no-cast           Turn off payload casting mechanism
    --no-unescape       Turn off string unescaping mechanism
    --prefix=PREFIX     Injection payload prefix string
    --suffix=SUFFIX     Injection payload suffix string
    --skip=SKIP         Skip testing for given parameter(s)
    --tamper=TAMPER     Use given script(s) for tampering injection data
    These options can be used to specify how to parse and compare page
    content from HTTP responses when using blind SQL injection technique
    --level=LEVEL       Level of tests to perform (1-5, default 1)
    --risk=RISK         Risk of tests to perform (0-3, default 1)
    --string=STRING     String to match when query is evaluated to True
    --not-string=NOT..  String to match when query is evaluated to False
    --regexp=REGEXP     Regexp to match when query is evaluated to True
    --code=CODE         HTTP code to match when query is evaluated to True
    --text-only         Compare pages based only on the textual content
    --titles            Compare pages based only on their titles
    These options can be used to tweak testing of specific SQL injection
    --technique=TECH    SQL injection techniques to test for (default
    --time-sec=TIMESEC  Seconds to delay the DBMS response (default 5)
    --union-cols=UCOLS  Range of columns to test for UNION query SQL injection
    --union-char=UCHAR  Character to use for bruteforcing number of columns
    --dns-domain=DNS..  Domain name used for DNS exfiltration attack
    --second-order=S..  Resulting page url searched for second-order response
    -f, --fingerprint   Perform an extensive DBMS version fingerprint
    These options can be used to enumerate the back-end database
    management system information, structure and data contained in the
    tables. Moreover you can run your own SQL statements
    -a, --all           Retrieve everything
    -b, --banner        Retrieve DBMS banner
    --current-user      Retrieve DBMS current user
    --current-db        Retrieve DBMS current database
    --hostname          Retrieve DBMS server hostname
    --is-dba            Detect if the DBMS current user is DBA
    --users             Enumerate DBMS users
    --passwords         Enumerate DBMS users password hashes
    --privileges        Enumerate DBMS users privileges
    --roles             Enumerate DBMS users roles
    --dbs               Enumerate DBMS databases
    --tables            Enumerate DBMS database tables
    --columns           Enumerate DBMS database table columns
    --schema            Enumerate DBMS schema
    --count             Retrieve number of entries for table(s)
    --dump              Dump DBMS database table entries
    --dump-all          Dump all DBMS databases tables entries
    --search            Search column(s), table(s) and/or database name(s)
    -D DB               DBMS database to enumerate
    -T TBL              DBMS database table to enumerate
    -C COL              DBMS database table column to enumerate
    -U USER             DBMS user to enumerate
    --exclude-sysdbs    Exclude DBMS system databases when enumerating tables
    --start=LIMITSTART  First query output entry to retrieve
    --stop=LIMITSTOP    Last query output entry to retrieve
    --first=FIRSTCHAR   First query output word character to retrieve
    --last=LASTCHAR     Last query output word character to retrieve
    --sql-query=QUERY   SQL statement to be executed
    --sql-shell         Prompt for an interactive SQL shell
    --sql-file=SQLFILE  Execute SQL statements from given file(s)
  Brute force:
    These options can be used to run brute force checks
    --common-tables     Check existence of common tables
    --common-columns    Check existence of common columns
  User-defined function injection:
    These options can be used to create custom user-defined functions
    --udf-inject        Inject custom user-defined functions
    --shared-lib=SHLIB  Local path of the shared library
  File system access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management
    system underlying file system
    --file-read=RFILE   Read a file from the back-end DBMS file system
    --file-write=WFILE  Write a local file on the back-end DBMS file system
    --file-dest=DFILE   Back-end DBMS absolute filepath to write to
  Operating system access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management
    system underlying operating system
    --os-cmd=OSCMD      Execute an operating system command
    --os-shell          Prompt for an interactive operating system shell
    --os-pwn            Prompt for an out-of-band shell, meterpreter or VNC
    --os-smbrelay       One click prompt for an OOB shell, meterpreter or VNC
    --os-bof            Stored procedure buffer overflow exploitation
    --priv-esc          Database process' user privilege escalation
    --msf-path=MSFPATH  Local path where Metasploit Framework is installed
    --tmp-path=TMPPATH  Remote absolute path of temporary files directory
  Windows registry access:
    These options can be used to access the back-end database management
    system Windows registry
    --reg-read          Read a Windows registry key value
    --reg-add           Write a Windows registry key value data
    --reg-del           Delete a Windows registry key value
    --reg-key=REGKEY    Windows registry key
    --reg-value=REGVAL  Windows registry key value
    --reg-data=REGDATA  Windows registry key value data
    --reg-type=REGTYPE  Windows registry key value type
    These options can be used to set some general working parameters
    -t TRAFFICFILE      Log all HTTP traffic into a textual file
    --batch             Never ask for user input, use the default behaviour
    --charset=CHARSET   Force character encoding used for data retrieval
    --check-tor         Check to see if Tor is used properly
    --crawl=CRAWLDEPTH  Crawl the website starting from the target url
    --csv-del=CSVDEL    Delimiting character used in CSV output (default ",")
    --dbms-cred=DBMS..  DBMS authentication credentials (user:password)
    --dump-format=DU..  Format of dumped data (CSV (default), HTML or SQLITE)
    --eta               Display for each output the estimated time of arrival
    --flush-session     Flush session files for current target
    --forms             Parse and test forms on target url
    --fresh-queries     Ignores query results stored in session file
    --hex               Uses DBMS hex function(s) for data retrieval
    --output-dir=ODIR   Custom output directory path
    --parse-errors      Parse and display DBMS error messages from responses
    --save              Save options to a configuration INI file
    --tor               Use Tor anonymity network
    --tor-port=TORPORT  Set Tor proxy port other than default
    --tor-type=TORTYPE  Set Tor proxy type (HTTP (default), SOCKS4 or SOCKS5)
    --update            Update sqlmap
    -z MNEMONICS        Use short mnemonics (e.g. "flu,bat,ban,tec=EU")
    --alert=ALERT       Run shell command(s) when SQL injection is found
    --answers=ANSWERS   Set question answers (e.g. "quit=N,follow=N")
    --beep              Make a beep sound when SQL injection is found
    --check-payload     Offline WAF/IPS/IDS payload detection testing
    --check-waf         Check for existence of WAF/IPS/IDS protection
    --cleanup           Clean up the DBMS by sqlmap specific UDF and tables
    --dependencies      Check for missing (non-core) sqlmap dependencies
    --disable-coloring  Disable console output coloring
    --gpage=GOOGLEPAGE  Use Google dork results from specified page number
    --hpp               Use HTTP parameter pollution
    --mobile            Imitate smartphone through HTTP User-Agent header
    --page-rank         Display page rank (PR) for Google dork results
    --purge-output      Safely remove all content from output directory
    --smart             Conduct through tests only if positive heuristic(s)
    --test-filter=TE..  Select tests by payloads and/or titles (e.g. ROW)
    --wizard            Simple wizard interface for beginner users
[*] shutting down at 00:36:00